ICLEI European Secretariat

ICLEI European Secretariat


Member in the Spotlight

Alba Iulia

The dynamic, central Romanian Municipality of Alba Iulia is home to 63,534 residents.

One of the oldest settlements in Romania, Alba Iulia is implementing smart, green initiatives to ensure the city’s long history can be enjoyed for generations to come. Primarily, the focus is on maintaining a high level of environmental protection and public health, while effectively contributing to the stability and prosperity of the economic and social systems.

The Municipality’s administration aims to transform Alba Iulia into a true "green city" by allocating its resources intelligently and planning for the long-term, safeguarding a competitive, sustainable and energy efficient future.

Sustainability focus: Leading the way as a regional trendsetter

The Municipality is establishing itself as regional leader in the fields of energy efficiency and sustainable development. Working on multiple projects at once, Alba Iulia is implementing CO₂ reduction schemes, transport initiatives, and recycling programmes.

CO₂ reduction:

Alba Iulia is the first local authority in Romania to devise a production capacity of renewable energy using photovoltaic and solar panels. The project, co-financed by the European Union and the Romanian Government, has placed 1,714 photovoltaic panels atop of four public buildings, linking them with the national energy system. The estimated yearly savings are €80,000, with an estimated reduction of 165 tonnes of CO₂.

In 2010 the city authorities joined the Covenant of Mayors, making a unilateral commitment to reduce CO₂ emissions in the territory by more than 20 percent by 2020.


The city’s Public Transport Society is implementing the project “Smart Move in the Metropolitan Area of Alba Iulia”, the first initiative in Romania to be jointly implemented by the local administration and public transport authority.

The municipality is also participating in the EU’s E-Mobility project and strongly intends to purchase more sustainable public transport vehicles.

Inaugurated in April 2014, the I’Velo centre promotes bicycles as an alternative transport option to private vehicles. 70 bikes are available to the city’s residents and tourists to rent through the centre.


Alba Iulia has supported the Romanian Association for Recycling in opening a new branch in the city to ensure the environmentally friendly disposal of electrical waste and electronic equipment.

Plans and programmes:

The Sustainable Urban Logistics Plan (SULP) of Alba Iulia is part of ENCLOSE (ENergy efficiency in City LOgistics Services for small and mid-sized European Historic Towns), a pilot project funded by the European Commission under the Intelligent Energy– Europe (IEE) program. The SULP outlines ways to improve logistics in Alba Iulia and is based on the experience of similar European towns.

Alba Iulia has also developed a Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP) to reduce environmental impact, increase the quality of public utility services, and generate economic competitiveness.

Fast facts

  • 15 km of new cycling lanes
  • 55000 m² of pedestrian areas
  • 15 ha of new green spaces
  • 1,700 solar and photovoltaic panels on four city buildings
  • 85 percent of schools and kindergartens thermally insulated
  • The most modern urban public transportation system in Romania


“The last five years has seen Alba Iulia transform into a city of green alternatives. We have implemented several projects and supported different initiatives with the aim to promote the sustainable development, education and public awareness of environmental protection and green energy use.

We are pleased that these achievements have significantly improved the quality of life in the city and that we can share them with other local governments that can evaluate and benefit from them.

Alba Iulia’s priority is to continue these initiatives in the future programming period 2014 – 2020 and become partners in projects aimed at improving the quality of citizens’ lives and encouraging the adoption of a green behaviour in all economic sectors”.

Mircea Hava,
Mayor of Alba Iulia Municipality

ICLEI and Alba Iulia: Alba Iulia is one of the newest ICLEI Members, joining the organisation in April 2014.